Artificial Intelligence LabAn Artificial Intelligence (AI) Lab with high-performance Graphics Processing Units (GPU) server is set up at Centre for Advanced Studies, Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, for enabling academic & research institutions for high-class research, course/project work, job-oriented hands-on training in the area of artificial intelligence with a focus on deep learning, machine learning, data science and analytics. This artificial intelligence lab is one of the few state-of-the-art labs in India and first in Uttar Pradesh, having this massive computing facility. It is equipped with NVIDIA-DGX-2 which is the world’s first 2 petaflops system, packing the power of 16 of the world’s most advanced GPUs and accelerating the newest deep learning model types that were previously untrainable. With ground-breaking GPU scale, models can be trained 4X bigger on a single node. In comparison with legacy x86 architectures, DGX-2’s ability to train ResNet-50 would require the equivalent of 300 servers... with dual Intel Xeon Gold CPUs. The major objective of development of this lab is to enable the Institute to offer the very best education, training and research facility in Artificial Intelligence powered by GPUs for AI with focus on deep learning, machine learning, data science and analytics. The Artificial Intelligence Lab can also help to train students, developers, data scientists, and researchers to use deep learning and accelerated computing to solve real-world problems across a wide range of domains. With access to GPU-accelerated workstations in the cloud, researchers and students will learn how to train, optimize, and deploy neural networks using the latest deep learning tools, frameworks, and SDKs. They can also learn how to assess, parallelize, optimize, and deploy GPU-accelerated computing applications. GPU computing leverages the parallel processing capabilities of GPU accelerators and enabling software to deliver dramatic increases in performance for scientific, data analytics, engineering, consumer, and enterprise applications.
Objective of the AI Lab: 1. Identify innovative research directions in Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, Machine Learning, and Big Data analytics.
2. Encouraging students to publish research articles, patents and starting their start-ups in the campus/university.
3. Integrating and reasoning with information from disparate data sources by training students, developers, data scientists, and researchers.
4. Designing and implementing distributed systems for information exploitation, collaboration and decision making.
5. Data-intensive agent-based tools providing quality education and practical skills to the students and faculty.
6. Assist in the development of partnerships with Industry regarding Internships, Summer Jobs, Publications and students’ placements.
7. Establish, refine and implement strategies to take the idea in to students and faculty fraternity.
Industrial Robotic CenterAn advanced state of the art Industrial Robotic Center is established in the institute by KUKA India Private Limited (A German Company). The robotic center has three robotic cells:
1. Material handling Cell
It is also known as pick and place robotic cell. This cell consists of KUKA industrial robot with 16 kg payload capacity robot. The Pick and place robots are commonly used in modern manufacturing environments. Pick and place automation speeds up the process of picking up parts or items and placing them in other locations. Automating this process helps to increase production rates. Pick and place robots handle repetitive tasks while freeing up human workers to focus on more complex work. The KUKA robot facility is used to understand and train basic concepts of robot programming, motion planning, and programming methodology of robotic systems, performing research-oriented specific tasks including pick and place job.
... 2. MIG welding Cell
Robotic Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding, also known as Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), is a common high deposition rate process that involves feeding a wire continuously toward the heated weld tip. MIG welding robots are capable of all-position, adding flexibility to the welding system. This cell is an Automatic MIG welding facility equipped with a four axis 10 kg payload capacity robotic arm manipulator. The third cell of this lab is the Bare robot which research students mainly use to learn, implement and test their new ideas, methods, and techniques using robotic systems.
3. Bare robotic cell
This cell has one robotic arm with 16 kg payload capacity. The purpose of this cell is to use the arm for the testing and analysis of the systems developed by the students. The students can develop their own automation systems which can be tested in this cell. The robotic manipulator can be customized as per the systems designed and developed by the students.
Industrial Automation LabObjectives
The laboratory is established in order to provide our students with knowledge and hands-on experience in the area of Industrial automation and consider the emerging research and development in the area of manufacturing segment in the industrial fraternity. The objective of the laboratory is to prepare the students industry ready and to acquire employability skills with the CNC programming and cutting tool path generation through CNC simulation software by using G-Codes and M-codes. In addition, it is aimed at to demonstrate and understand the importance of automation and its predominant role in the assembly line of shop floor, so that to satisfy the need of agile manufacturing to meet the urging need of global competitiveness of upcoming industries.
... Facilities offered in Industrial Automation Lab
Industrial Automation Lab offers manufacturing automation on Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) including material storing and dispatching equipment AS/RS, machining stations CNC lathe, CNC milling, CNC grinding, material handling equipment such as 4 axis and 6 Axis Robot, loading /unloading automated guided vehicle(AGV), Assembly Station and Visual Inspection Setup.
This Lab provides in-depth coverage of Computer Integrated Manufacturing and Industrial Automation. It contains a high proportion of hands-on study particularly in the areas of computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Computer Numerical Control (CNC) and manufacturing automation.
Apart from the above mentioned, this Industrial & Automation Lab has tool dynamometer(Kistler company) and minimum quantity lubrication setup along with Temperature Data Acquisition system, which are used by the M.tech students, Research Scholars and Faculties of different programme to carry out their research work smoothly.
The speciality of this Lab is that the CNC machines installed here can be individually utilized for research purpose. M.Tech and PhD students are actively involved in the lab, working on different CNC machines for completing their dissertation.
Google Developers Code LabGoogle Developers Code Lab is the result of collaboration between the Centre for Advanced Studies and Google Asia Pacific Pvt. Ltd. This lab is sponsored by Google and is first of its kind in the country. As a result of the collaboration, Google organises numerous courses with well defined curriculum, expected learning outcomes, and guidelines for lab exercises, using the lab facility for the students, faculty and staff of the University. The lab also facilitates learning through development of advanced technologies, friendly environment for discussions among peers, networking among the research groups of the University, adding academic value to the Institute and the University.
Google Developers Code Lab is constructed with an objective to replicate coding experience at Google. The specifications of the installed computers are i5 processor, 8GB RAM,... virtualisation technology enabled, Windows 10 operating system, good internet speed, and double monitors. The lab also comprises separate discussion areas for groups to interact, clear doubts and network among themselves.
•To organise short term courses, workshops and trainings offered by Google to the students, faculty, and staff of the University.
•To educate about recent products and services offered by Google to the research community of the University.
•To train and provide hands-on experience on Google developer tools and technologies.
•To expose the students, faculty and staff of the University with the Google communities for interactions and collaboration.
•To advance knowledge of the faculty of the University impacting education of the students with latest developments in technology.
3D Printing LabAdditive manufacturing
A method of manufacturing known as ‘Additive manufacturing’, due to the fact that instead of removing material to create a part, the process adds material in successive patterns to create the desired shape.
3D Printing uses software that slices the 3D model into layers (0.01mm thick or less in most cases). Each layer is then traced onto the build plate by the printer, once the pattern is completed, the build plate is lowered and the next layer is added on top of the previous one.
Main areas of use:
• Specialized parts – aerospace, military, biomedical engineering, dental
• Hobbies and home use
• Future applications– medical (body parts), buildings and cars
Types and Materials
The entire 3D printing technology can be divided into 3 steps – (a) 3D Design (b) Slicing (c) 3D Printing. 3D digital model is the starting point for any 3D printing process. This digital model can be created using various 3D design softwares or can also can be created using 3D scanning. Once the 3D model is created, it is then sliced into layers thereby converting the design into a file readable by 3D printer. 3D printer will then print this file layer by layer using the material given as input to the 3D printer. As stated, there are a number of different types of 3D printing technologies, which process different materials in different ways to create the final object. Functional plastics, metals, ceramics and sand are all routinely used for industrial prototyping and production applications. Research is also being conducted for 3D printing bio materials and different types of food.
Generally speaking though, at the entry level of the market, materials are much more limited. Plastic is currently the only widely used material — usually ABS or PLA. There is also a growing number of entry level machines that have been adapted for foodstuffs, such as sugar and chocolate.
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) and Multi-jet printer, two types of printers are available in our center. These 3D printers work on the principal of fused material deposition and filament-based polymers deposition to shape an object, layer-by-layer. Different types of objectives can be resolved related to prototyping, study and designing complicated structures etc. One of the common research activities is printing different structures and analyzing the mechanical features based on the design structure. Our students work on both printers to shape their ideas and fulfill their project needs.
Cyber city simulator Lab
Cyber city simulator at Centre for Advanced studies is the facility for automated modeling and monitoring of cyber security threats at smart city environments. It displays status for cyber security threats on roads, power station, airport, metro rail, automobiles etc. It has state of the art tools and equipment for smart city projection.
• Design and create attack plan methodologies
• Understand social engineering aspects used for attacks
• Get an insight into enterprise security trend
• Use latest techniques to hack into systems and networks
• Conduct regular audits and penetration test in your company
• Support legal team with Digital forensic evidence
• Support compliance roadmaps based on standards for your organization ...
• Support Internal Audit teams for IT security compliance
• Ethical Hacking Methodology
• Hacking Networks & Systems
• Web Application Security
• Denial of Services
• Social Engineering
• IoT Basics
• A few case studies
• Introduction to CyberCity
• IoT Security Challenges
• IoT Authentication & Authorization
• IoT Data Integrity & Standards
• Emerging IoT Technologies & Trends
• Data Security & Cryptography
• IoT Communication Protocol Vulnerabilities
• IoT Vulnerabilities & Attacks
• IoT Exploitation Framework
• An approach towards IoT security
• Introduction to IoT Security Framework & Benchmarks
Design and Simulation Center
This lab consists of 18 high end specifications computer systems (32 GB high speed RAM, 4 GB dedicated Graphics card and high-performance multicore intel processor.) with latest design and simulation software like SolidWorks, ANSYS, and MATLAB etc, which enables the students to simulate various complex designs related to their work. This lab is integrated with 3D printing lab so as to design and develop the prototypes for testing.
Based on the fundamental principles of modelling, physics, mathematics and computer science, simulation gives engineers the power to see how their designs will behave in millions of real-world scenarios, while reducing or even eliminating the need for costly physical testing.
... Application areas of ANSYS:
• Antenna Design and Placement
• Autonomous Sensor Development
• Avionics and Flight Control
• Battery Simulation
• Electric Motors
• Electromagnetic Interference/Compatibility (EMI/EMC)
• Electronics Reliability
• E-Motor NVH and Active Sound Design for EV
• Gas Turbines
• PCBs, ICs and IC Packages
• Power Electronics
• Rotating Machinery
• Vehicle Chassis
• Wind Turbine Design
SolidWorks is a solid modelling computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided engineering (CAE) computer program published by Dassault Systems, SOLIDWORKS is the leader in 3D CAD technology, empowering product design teams with intuitive, high performance software that is easy to use, and provides the freedom to design products.
Application areas of SolidWorks:
• 3D Model Design (CAD)
• Assembly of Parts
• Analysis of Part (CAE)
• Making 2D Drawings
• Making (CAM) Programming (CNC Machining)
• Making Additive Manufacturing (AM) (3D Printing)
MATLAB is a programming and numeric computing platform used by millions of engineers and scientists to analyse data, develop algorithms, and create models. MATLAB is used for a range of applications, in industry and academia, including deep learning and machine learning, signal processing and communications, image and video processing, control systems, test and measurement, computational finance, and computational biology.
Application Areas of MATLAB:
• Automated Driving Systems
• Computational Biology
• Control Systems
• Data Science
• Deep Learning
• Embedded Systems
• Enterprise and IT Systems
• FPGA, ASIC, and SoC Development
• Image Processing and Computer Vision
• Internet of Things
• Machine Learning
• Mixed-Signal Systems
• Power Electronics Control Design
• Power Systems Analysis and Design
• Predictive Maintenance
• Signal Processing
• Test and Measurement
• Wireless Communications
Sensor Drives & Control Lab
Students in the Mechatronics program come from different backgrounds like Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Science & Engineering. This lab is fundamental lab which makes them to understand the working and usage of different types of sensors, controllers and drives.
Different Sensors Kit, Drives and Controllers are available in the Lab-
• RTD, Thermocouple, Thermistor, LM35 sensors for measuring surrounding temperature.
• Ultrasonic, LVDT, IR sensor, Strain gauge, Proximity sensor, for measuring position and distance.
• Load cell, pressure sensor and spring balance for measuring force and pressure.
• Our lab also have Flow sensor, light sensor, color sensor, potentiometer type sensors. ...
These are the sensors currently available in the lab. Students are taught about the working principle and their usability in different embedded systems. They are also trained to develop their own sensors according to the requirement of system and project they want to develop.
• DC motor, BLDC motor, Servo motor, Stepper motor for giving required motion in the system.
• Pneumatic and Hydraulic actuation system extensively used in industrial automation system.
• SMA, Piezoelectric, DEA type smart actuators used in micro actuation system.
These are the actuators available in the lab. Students are trained about the working principle and their usability in different automation and embedded systems. They are also trained to develop their own actuation system according to their requirements in different project and automation system.
• Arduino, 8051, Raspberry pi etc. types different microcontrollers for making different embedded system
• PID and PLC types controller widely used in automation systems.
Starting from semiconductor, Diode, transistors, Logic Gate, the students are trained to program different microcontrollers using different high level language like- C++, Python, Matlab etc. so that they can have the capacity and competence to develop different smart system of their own for the service and benefit of human society.
Artificial Intelligence in Biomedical Lab
The Artificial Intelligence in Biomedical Laboratory focuses on development intelligent AI devices and expert systems to analyse diverse biomedical signals and data towards establishing mathematical relation with various diseases and disorders. Signal processing and analysis using both traditional machine learning and deep learning methods are intended at provide individualised biomarkers for precision diagnosis and predictive modelling. Machine learning is also in wearable device analytics to aid clinicians in the treatment of mobility disorders, as well as improving the health outcomes using A for individuals suffering from diseases and efforts are also going on to improve measures of clinical outcomes to justify therapeutic interventions. The main goal of the lab is to develop artificial inetellignce techniques to assist clinical decision making, avoid medical errors and ultimately improve patient health.... Some key directions of interest include: Wearables and system development, Clinical outcomes research, Diagnostic Assistance, Clinical Event Forecasting, Patient-centric Information Retrieval Human Computation, and many more.
Artificial Intelligence in Biomedical Laboratory is equipped with various devices to do research in the field of Bio-medical engineering, Signal Processing, Audio Signal Processing, etc. and some of them are:
a) Markerless Motion capture system (2-D Gait Analysis System) with Force plate
b) Human Non-invasive Blood Pressure (NIBP) Monitor
c) Equi-vital Physiological Monitoring System
d) Auditory brainstem response (ABR) audiometry system
e) Electronic Stethoscope for PCG signal
f) EMOTIV EPOC+ 14 Channel Mobile EEG
g) EMOTIV 32 Channel EEG cap
h) Delsys Wireless EMG System
Internet of Things (IoT) Lab
The IoT Lab is based on SENSEnuts technology that uniquely offers full technology stack with application layer, wireless network & cloud connectivity protocols for rapid IoT prototyping and also end to end vertical applications. It is Microcontroller with integrated 802.15.4 transceiver and variety of sensors like Environment, Meteorological, Air & water quality etc. It also has features like modular design having Gateways, Radios & sensors devices Self-healing multi-hop network, easy to install and faster deployment It gives affordable solution for WSN concept testing and learning.
It is easy to use because of C based programming, exhaustive set of “easy to use” APIs, flexible MAC protocol implementation, live data Interface with MATLAB etc.
Objectives and Applications:
• An ideal platform for research projects. It has many advanced features to offer like energy efficient individual StreetLight Controllers which enable remote On/Off switching, dimming control, User configurable time scheduling & grouping schemes, Current/power consumption tracking of luminaire, ...Alerts for outage & malfunction, connectivity to Local or Cloud Server for data access and management and finally interfaces for Sensors like Motion detection, Pollution, light etc.
Material Chemistry and Synthesis Laboratory
A state of the art Materials Chemistry and Synthesis Laboratory is set up at Centre for Advanced Studies, Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow equipped with all the basic and modern infrastructural facilities for enabling academic and research driven activities in the area of material synthesis with emphasis on nanomaterial preparation and its varied applications. Based on the post-graduation and Doctoral programs in the field of Nanotechnology and Energy Science and Technology, students and research scholars come to understand the principles of material design of organic/inorganic compounds, polymer compounds and wide variety of hybrids. This facility can provide students with ability to understand the creation of new material while considering its application in the different field of Nanotechnology and Energy Science. At the same time research is focussed on the new methods for synthesizing such compounds and materials effectively. This sate of art has two fume hoods suitable up to five researchers. The laboratory is fully and safely stocked for organic synthesis with all the required facilities like glassware, ovens, heating mantles and hot plates, chillers and sonicators.... Objective of Material Chemistry and Synthesis Laboratory
• Synthesis of a variety of nanomaterials for nanocomposites, gas sensing, energy storage and other applications
• To familiarize the students about the high-end facilities used in materials research
• Encouraging students to publish research articles, file patents and promote good lab practices
• Promoting collaborations with researchers/faculties and encouraging students for internships
• DI water plant (Millipore) of electronic grade water for wafer cleaning and synthesis purposes
• Heating mantle, as a heating source for the glassware
• A centrifuge for separating various components of a reaction mixture
• Magnetic Stirrers with magnetic teflon beads of varying sizes
• A bath ultrasonic processor (Labman Scientific Instruments, frequency of 40kHz±50 Hz)
• A high precision analytical balance for accurate measurement of chemicals
• Fume hood facility for the escape of fumes, gases or vapours of hazardous chemicals/reaction
• Hot air oven and vacuum oven for drying purposes
• Spot extractors installed for easy exit of fumes at the working bench
• A fire and blast proof cupboard for hazardous chemical storage
Synthesis of nanomaterials by bottom-up approach for nanocomposites, gas sensing, electrode materials for batteries and supercapacitors, polymer foams, etc.,
Micro and Nano Characterization Facility
The Micro and Nano Characterization facility (an ISO class 7 cleanroom facility to accommodate the latest industry standards) targets to offer a wide variety of ultra- low dimensional material and device characterization services enabled by the presence of highest grade and quality of characterization. This facility, MNF focused to carry out multi-scale, multi property characterization of materials important for conducting cutting edge research and innovation by the Post-Graduate and Doctoral students. Also, it gives a broad understanding of common materials related to engineering applications with an emphasis on the fundamentals of structure-property-application relationships. The main focus of this lab is on development and experimental characterization of active materials, smart composites & devices. The scholars can build their understanding to deal with the different characterization equipment and technique. The future plan of this facility to enable it with several equipment held under a single roof with experienced staff so that we can be able to offer a better characterization facility to the academia and industry.
... Objectives of MNF:
• The lab envisages to work in basic and applied research including new and composite material development of low cost and high strength.
• This facility helps in analyzing the size and morphology of microscopic specimens giving valuable information about the material and device.
• The facility provides a platform to enhance human resource, especially Post-Graduate and Doctoral students, in the field of material characterization for new product development.
• Collaborate with national and international research institutions to develop new solutions for industry and society based on low cost efficient material.
• FESEM- Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope to Analyses surface morphology of materials, particles and fibres
• EDAX module with FESEM measures weight percentage of elemental composition of the samples
• BET Measurement (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller) (Belsorp) system for measurement of specific surface area, pore size distribution, vapor adsorption and chemisorption (OP).
• Impedance Analyser (Keysight) to measures electrical impedance in materials, electrical circuits
Photovoltaic and Solar Energy Laboratory
Photovoltaic and Solar Energy Laboratory is established under Energy Science and Technology Program at Centre for Advanced Studies, AKTU, Lucknow. The photovoltaic and solar energy laboratory targets to make solar energy/electricity more affordable by improving the reliability and durability of photovoltaic (PV) modules, lowering the material and processing cost and increasing PV efficiency. The equipment and instruments facility allows the scholars to carry out both basic and applied research activities to improve or develop new technologies, designs to deal with safety issues, create advanced analysis methods considering the processing cost involved in the whole. The main facilities include multifunction instrument for testing PV systems solar array simulator, Solar Energy kit along with Programmable AC/DC electronic load, solar power generation system model, grid tied invertors test setup and solar thermal training kit with water heating. The Photovoltaic and Solar Energy Laboratory focuses to advance the research & development across the full spectrum of Photovoltaic (PV) and for its diverse applications. ... Objectives of PSEL:
• Focus efforts on high-impact fundamental and applied research and development (R&D) to create disruptive technologies in PV.
• It helps students to understand and evaluate the performance of a PV panel System under different atmospheric conditions like temperature, pressure, wind, radiation etc.
• The solar PV training system covers the fundamentals of solar PV system as well as basic research on PV system and related electronics which would be helpful to the engineering students of both Post-Graduate and Doctoral program.
• To enhance human resource which is industry ready in the field of design, development, manufacturing and testing of PV cells.
• Simulated, accelerated indoor and outdoor testing
• Outdoor field testing
• Uniform and consensus standard testing for PV and codes
• Real time PV and Solar resource testing Simulation of I-V curve under different temperature and irradiation
• High speed high performance photovoltaic / solar simulation power supply
• Graphical software interface
• Static and dynamic MPPT performance test
• Solar power meter
Nanofabrication facility is the basic building block of the nanotechnology. This state of art is set up under the Nanotechnology program at Centre for Advanced Studies, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow. The facility is housed in an ISO class 7 cleanroom to accommodate the latest industry standards. Nanofabrication facilities are used to fabricate various type of micro/nano scale materials, devices, and systems. The nanofabrication technology is widely utilized to develop high performance, low maintenance, and efficient devices and systems for industrial applications. The facility is planned to provide maximum flexibility for its users, with capabilities to pattern a variety of materials over a wide range of size scales from 10 nanometers to 10 millimeters. This facility allows the scholars from Post-Graduate and doctoral program to process of thin films, nanomaterial and fabrication of raw material for different application like nanoelectronics, MEMS/NEMS devices, sensors & actuators that provide them a better understanding of fabrication.
... Objectives Nanofabrication Facility
• To fabricate micro/nano size functional materials (Ex. Quantum dots and graphene etc.) and devices (Ex. Micromixers and micropumps etc.) with specific electrical, physical, and optical properties.
• To utilize thin film deposition and chemical etching technique for the fabrication of nanostructures and devices.
• To characterize the fabricated nanomaterials and devices to understand their morphological, optical, electrical, and physical properties.
• To utilize the assembled nanodevices to form various systems for industrial usage (Ex. Gas sensors, electronic devices etc.).
• Lithography based patterning
• Thin film deposition facility
• Etching operations for nanoscale fabrication
• In-line characterization of the devices and its prototypes
• Capability of handling 100 mm (4 inch) silicon wafers
Tribology is basically a science to study friction, wear and lubrication in elements rubbing each-others. The Pin on disk and ball on disk are most acceptable methods to characterizing the wear between two materials. Our lab facility use this method to evaluate the performance of a “wear couple” or to characterize the performance of different materials against a standard surface.
Concept and Possible area of Application
Friction is the resistance to relative motion between two bodies in contact. It is not a material property but a system property.... Scientists believe it occurs due to the electromagnetic attraction between charged particles in two surfaces that are touching. There are several types of friction, including:
Static Friction, which occurs when two objects are not moving relative to each other (i.e., like a chair on the ground);
• Rolling Friction, which occurs when two objects move relative to each other and one “rolls” on the other (i.e., a car’s wheels on the ground)
• Kinetic Friction, which occurs when two objects mov relative to each other and rub together (i.e., a person sliding down a slide);
• Sliding Friction, which occurs when two objects rub against each other (i.e., placing a book flat on a table and moving it around); and
• Fluid Friction, which occurs when a solid object moves through a liquid or gas (i.e., a kite moving through the air).
Friction is not considered a fundamental force. It is a non-conservative force meaning that work done against friction is path dependent.
Wear is the gradual removal, damaging or displacement of material at solid surfaces. When it comes to wear, the common types are:
• Abrasive Wear, which occurs when a hard, rough surface slides across a softer surface
• Adhesive Wear, which occurs due to unwanted displacement and attachment of wear debris from one surface to another;
• Fretting Wear, which occurs due to repeated cyclical rubbing between two surfaces
• Erosive Wear, which occurs when solid or liquid particles impinge against the surface of an object
• Surface Fatigue, which occurs when the surface of a material is weakened by cyclic loading; and Corrosion/Oxidation Wear, which occurs due to chemical reactions between worn materials and a corroding medium.
A pin on disc tribometer consists of a stationary pin that is normally loaded against a rotating disc. The pin can have any shape to simulate a specific contact, but cylindrical tips are often used to simplify the contact geometry. This Ducom Pin/Ball on Disk Tribometer is a test instrument designed for accurate and repeatable tribological characterization of bulk materials, coatings and lubricants. It’s easily changeable holders allow users to quickly change the nature of tribological contact to something that is relevant to their application. The Pin/Ball on Disk Tribometer is used to characterize the tribological behavior for almost all material bench-marking and materials development needs.
Different types of objectives can be resolved related to analyzing wear characteristics related to lab to industrial materials etc. One of the common research activity is analyzing the wear behaviour of composites, metallic, ceramic components with different lubricant with varying loads.
Energy Conversion and Storage Facility
Energy Conversion and Storage Facility is a state of the art at Centre for Advanced Studies, Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow. This lab is equipped with most advanced electrochemical analyzer wherein electrochemical methods are utilized to control the flow of electrons to: produce electricity from chemical reactions, drive chemical reactions, and perform analytical measurements of chemical phenomena. This facility in conjunction with the materials chemistry and synthesis laboratory Under Energy Science and technology and Nanotechnology program is the housing facilities giving single point solution from material synthesis, their testing, and their optimization as application via fabrication lab.